Further Validation of Quantum Crystallography Approaches


Quantum crystallography is a fast-developing multidisciplinary area of crystallography. In this work, we analyse the influence of different charge density models (i.e., the multipole model (MM), Hirshfeld atom refinement (HAR), and the transferable aspherical atom model (TAAM)), modelling of the thermal motion of hydrogen atoms (anisotropic, isotropic, and with the aid of SHADE or NoMoRe), and the type of radiation used (Mo Kα and Cu Kα) on the final results. To achieve this aim, we performed a series of refinements against X-ray diffraction data for three model compounds and compared their final structures, geometries, shapes of ADPs, and charge density distributions. Our results were also supported by theoretical calculations that enabled comparisons of the lattice energies of these structures. It appears that geometrical parameters are better described (closer to the neutron values) when HAR is used; however, bonds to H atoms more closely match neutron values after MM or TAAM refinement. Our analysis shows the superiority of the NoMoRe method in the description of H-atom ADPs. Moreover, the shapes of the ADPs of H atoms, as well as their electron density distributions, were better described with low-resolution Cu Kα data in comparison to low-resolution Mo Kα data.

Funding source: "Polish National Science Centre, ETIUDA grant No. UMO-2019/32/T/ST4/00086. Theoretical calculations were performed using WCSS (grant no. 15) and PLGrid infrastructure. The X-ray data were collected at the TEAM-TECH Core Facility for crystallographic and biophysical research to support the development of medicinal products sponsored by the Foundation for Polish Science (FNP). Data Availability Statement"
Countries: Poland

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