Theoretical Studies on the Binding Mode and Reaction Mechanism of TLP Hydrolase kpHIUH


In this work, we have investigated the binding conformations of the substrate in the active site of 5-HIU hydrolase kpHIUH and its catalytic hydrolysis mechanism. Docking calculations revealed that the substrate adopts a conformation in the active site with its molecular plane laying parallel to the binding interface of the protein dimer of kpHIUH, in which His7 and His92 are located adjacent to the hydrolysis site C6 and have hydrogen bond interactions with the lytic water. Based on this binding conformation, density functional theory calculations indicated that the optimal catalytic mechanism consists of two stages: (1) the lytic water molecule is deprotonated by His92 and carries out nucleophilic attack on C6=O of 5-HIU, resulting in an oxyanion intermediate; (2) by accepting a proton transferred from His92, C6–N5 bond is cleaved to completes the catalytic cycle. The roles of His7, His92, Ser108 and Arg49 in the catalytic reaction were revealed and discussed in detail.

Funding source: National Key Research and Development Program of China (no. 2019YFC1805600) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 22073010, 21571019 and 21573020).
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain

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