Supported silver catalysts prepared via melt infiltration: Synthesis, characterization and performance in selective hydrogenation


Heterogeneous supported catalysts are often synthesized by impregnation or precipitation methods. Recently, melt infiltration has emerged as an alternative method that allows high metal loadings and eliminates the need for a solvent, but challenges arise regarding control over the particle size and distribution. In this work, melt infiltration for the synthesis of supported silver catalysts is explored. The narrow pore size distribution of the chosen ordered mesoporous silica support, SBA-15, allowed in depth in-situ and ex-situ characterization of the infiltration of the precursor, molten silver nitrate, into the support and its subsequent decomposition to form metallic silver nanowires or nanoparticles. The heat treatment parameters during decomposition played a key role in determining whether nanowires or nanoparticles were formed. The supported silver catalysts containing high silver weight loadings were investigated in the selective hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde, where the silver nanowires showed superior activity and selectivity over the nanoparticles. Hence, melt infiltration shows great promise for the synthesis of supported silver catalysts containing high silver weight loadings, which are applicable in, e.g., selective oxidation or hydrogenation reactions.

Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Netherlands

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