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Measurement of Fatigue Crack Growth Rates for Steels in Hydrogen Containment Components

Abstract

The objective of this work was to enable the safe design of hydrogen pressure vessels by measuring the fatigue crack growth rates of ASME code-qualified steels in high-pressure hydrogen gas. While a design framework has recently been established for high-pressure hydrogen vessels, a material property database does not exist to support the design calculations. This study addresses such voids in the database by measuring the fatigue crack growth rates of three different heats of ASME SA-372 Grade J steel in 100 MPa hydrogen gas. Results showed that the fatigue crack growth rates were similar for all three steel heats, although the highest-strength steel appeared to exhibit the highest growth rates. Hydrogen accelerated the fatigue crack growth rates of the steels by as much as two orders of magnitude relative to anticipated crack growth rates in inert environments. Despite such dramatic effects of hydrogen on the fatigue crack growth rates, measurement of these properties enables reliable definition of the design life of steel hydrogen containment vessels.

Countries: United States
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2009-09-16
2021-06-15
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/conference382
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Measurement of Fatigue Crack Growth Rates for Steels in Hydrogen Containment Components - Presentation

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