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Corrosion Cracking of Carbon Steels of Different Structure in the Hydrogen Sulfide Environment Under Static Load


Hydrogen sulfide corrosion is one of the main reasons of steels destruction in the oil and gas industry. Damages appear as a result of corrosion and hydrogen embrittlement, and corrosion cracking occurs when the load is applied. The influence of the steels structure on its stress corrosion cracking under the loads in hydrogen sulfide environment is insufficiently studied. The aim of the study is to determine the influence of the steels structure on its corrosion, hydrogenation and corrosion cracking in the NACE hydrogen sulfide solution.
It was established that the corrosion rate and hydrogenation of steel У8 in the NACE solution grows when the structure dispersion increases from perlite to sorbite, troostite and martensite. The corrosion rate and hydrogenation of steel 45 are the greatest in pearlite-ferrite, while the smallest - in sorbite.
The corrosion of steels У8 and 45 in the NACE solution is localized: the average size of the ulcers is 50 ... 80 μm on the steel У8 and 45 ... 65 μm on steel 45. The depth of ulcers is maximal on the steel У8 with the martensite structure (~ 260 μm) and on the steel 45 with the troostite structure (~ 210 μm).
Static load (σ = 300 MPa) increases the hydrogenation of steels in the hydrogen sulfide environment. The concentration of hydrogen in steel У8 with troostite structure increases by ~ 1.8 times. The concentration of hydrogen in steel 45 with troostite and martensite structures increases by ~ 1.2...1.3 and by ~ 1.4...1.6 times, respectively.
The steel У8 with martensite and perlite structures and steel 45 with troostite structure has the lowest resistance to corrosion cracking. Steels destruction depends on both hydrogen permeation and the corrosion localization, which leads to the increase of the microelectrochemical heterogeneity of the surfaces.

Countries: Ukraine

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