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Efficient Hydrogen Production Through the Chemical Looping Redox Cycle of YSZ Supported Iron Oxides


The chemical looping process, where an oxygen carrier is reduced and oxidized in a cyclic manner, offers a promising option for hydrogen production through splitting water because of the much higher water splitting efficiency than solar electrocatalytic and photocatalytic process. A typical oxygen carrier has to comprise a significant amount of inert support, to maintain stability in multiple redox cycles, thereby resulting in a trade-off between the reaction reactivity and stability. Herein, we proposed the use of ion-conductive yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) support Fe2O3 to prepare oxygen carriers materials. The obtained Fe2O3/YSZ composites showed high reactivity and stability. Particularly, Fe2O3/YSZ-20 (oxygen storage capacity, 24.13%) exhibited high hydrogen yield of ∼10.30 mmol·g-1 and hydrogen production rate of ∼0.66 mmol·g-1·min-1 which was twice as high as that of Fe2O3/Al2O3. Further, the transient pulse test indicated that active oxygen diffusion was the rate-limiting step during the redox process. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurement revealed that the YSZ support addition facilitated oxygen diffusion of materials, which contributed to the improved hydrogen production performance. The support effect obtained in this work provides a potentially efficient route for the modification of oxygen carrier materials.

Related subjects: Applications & Pathways

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