Investigations of emission characteristics and thermal efficiency in a spark-ignition engine fuelled with natural gas–hydrogen blends


This paper presents the experimental results of a single cylinder Enfield engine using an electronically controlled fuel injection system which was developed to carry out exhaustive tests using neat compressed natural gas (CNG), and mixtures of hydrogen in CNG (HCNG) as 5, 10, 15 and 20% by energy. Experiments were performed at 2000, 2400 and 2800 rpm with wide open throttle and varying the equivalence ratio. Hydrogen, which has a fast burning rate, when added to CNG, enhances its flame propagation rate. The emissions of HC, CO, decreased with increasing percentage of hydrogen but NOx was found to increase. The results indicated a marked improvement in the brake thermal efficiency with the increase in percentage of hydrogen added. The improved thermal efficiency was clearly observed to be more in lean regions when compared with rich regions.

Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: India

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