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Metallurgical Model of Diffusible Hydrogen and Non-Metallic Slag Inclusions in Underwater Wet Welding of High-Strength Steel


High susceptibility to cold cracking induced by diffusible hydrogen and hydrogen embrittlement are major obstacles to greater utilization of underwater wet welding for high-strength steels. The aim of the research was to develop gas–slag systems for flux-cored wires that have high metallurgical activity in removal of hydrogen and hydroxyl groups. Thermodynamic modeling and experimental research confirmed that a decrease in the concentration of diffusible hydrogen can be achieved by reducing the partial pressure of hydrogen and water vapor in the vapor–gas bubble and by increasing the hydroxyl capacity of the slag system in metallurgical reactions leading to hydrogen fluoride formation and ionic dissolution of hydroxyl groups in the basic fluorine-containing slag of a TiO2–CaF2–Na3AlF6 system.

Funding source: Energy-efficient systems based on renewable energy for Arctic conditions (EFREA), KS1054, South-East Finland–Russia
Countries: Russian Federation

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