Hydrogen Conversion in Nanocages


Hydrogen molecules exist in the form of two distinct isomers that can be interconverted by physical catalysis. These ortho and para forms have different thermodynamical properties. Over the last century, the catalysts developed to convert hydrogen from one form to another, in laboratories and industries, were magnetic and the interpretations relied on magnetic dipolar interactions. The variety concentration of a sample and the conversion rates induced by a catalytic action were mostly measured by thermal methods related to the diffusion of the o-p reaction heat. At the turning of the new century, the nature of the studied catalysts and the type of measures and motivations completely changed. Catalysts investigated now are non-magnetic and new spectroscopic measurements have been developed. After a fast survey of the past studies, the review details the spectroscopic methods, emphasizing their originalities, performances and refinements: how Infra-Red measurements characterize the catalytic sites and follow the conversion in real-time, Ultra-Violet irradiations explore the electronic nature of the reaction and hyper-frequencies driving the nuclear spins. The new catalysts, metallic or insulating, are detailed to display the operating electronic structure. New electromagnetic mechanisms, involving energy and momenta transfers, are discovered providing a classification frame for the newly observed reactions.

Countries: France

Article metrics loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error