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Hybrid Hydrogen Home Storage for Decentralized Energy Autonomy


As the share of distributed renewable power generation increases, high electricity prices and low feed-in tariff rates encourage the generation of electricity for personal use. In the building sector, this has led to growing interest in energy self-sufficient buildings that feature battery and hydrogen storage capacities. In this study, we compare potential technology pathways for residential energy storage in terms of their economic performance by means of a temporal optimization model of the fully self-sufficient energy system of a single-family building, taking into account its residential occupancy patterns and thermal equipment. We show for the first time how heat integration with reversible solid oxide cells (rSOCs) and liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) in high-efficiency, single-family buildings could, by 2030, enable the self-sufficient supply of electricity and heat at a yearly premium of 52% against electricity supplied by the grid. Compared to lithium-ion battery systems, the total annualized cost of a self-sufficient energy supply can be reduced by 80% through the thermal integration of LOHC reactors and rSOC systems.

Funding source: German Federal Ministry of Education and Research as part of the research project, “LLEC: Living Lab Energy Campus – P2G++” (03SF0573).
Countries: Germany

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