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Hollow Cobalt Sulfide Nanocapsules for Electrocatalytic Selective Transfer Hydrogenation of Cinnamaldehyde with Water


Designing nanostructured electrocatalysts for selective transfer hydrogenation of α, β-unsaturated aldehydes with water as the hydrogen source is highly desirable. Here, a facile self-templating strategy is designed for the synthesis of CoS2 and CoS2-x nanocapsules (NCs) as efficient cathodes for selective transfer hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde, a model α, β-unsaturated aldehyde. The hollow porous structures of NCs are rich in active sites and improve mass transfer, resulting in high turnover frequency. The specific adsorption of the styryl block on pristine CoS2 NCs is conducive to the selective formation of half-hydrogenated hydrocinnamaldehyde with 91.7% selectivity, and the preferential adsorption of the C = O group induced by sulfur vacancies on defective CoS2-x NCs leads to the full-hydrogenated hydrocinnamyl alcohol with 92.1% selectivity. A cross-coupling of carbon and hydrogen radicals may be involved in this electrochemical hydrogenation reaction. Furthermore, this selective hydrogenation method is also effective for other α, β-unsaturated aldehydes, illustrating the universality of the method.

Funding source: National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos. 21871206 and 21901180)
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain

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