Bicyclo[2.2.0]hexene derivatives as a proaromatic platform for group transfer and chemical sensing


Here we report the design, preparation, synthetic utility, and sensing application of a class of proaromatic structures, namely bicyclo[2.2.0]hexene (BCH) derivatives. Building on a valence isomerism concept, they feature modular and easy synthesis as well as high thermal stability, and can be oxidatively activated under mild conditions. New alkyl transfer reactions using BCHs as a radical donor have been developed to showcase the utility of their proaromaticity. Moreover, the redox-triggered valence isomerization of a quinoline-derived BCH led to colorimetric and fluorescent responses toward vapors of electrophilic reagents in solution and solid phase, respectively. This optical response was shown to involve a 1,3-cyclohexadiene structure that possesses an intramolecular charge transfer excited state with interesting aggregation induced emission (AIE) character. Thus, the potential of BCHs has been demonstrated as a versatile platform for the development of new reagents and functional materials.

Funding source: Natural Science Foundation of China (21901011), the Clinical Medicine Plus X Young Scholars Project of Peking University (7100602764)

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