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Influence of Carbon Catalysts on the Improvement of Hydrogen Storage Properties in a Body-Centered Cubic Solid Solution Alloy


Body-centered cubic (BCC) alloys are considered as promising materials for hydrogen storage with high theoretical storage capacity (H/M ratio of 2). Nonetheless, they often suffer from sluggish kinetics of hydrogen absorption and high hydrogen desorption temperature. Carbon materials are efficient hydrogenation catalysts, however, their influence on the hydrogen storage properties of BCC alloy has not been comprehensively studied. Therefore, in this paper, composites obtained by milling of carbon catalysts (carbon nanotubes, mesoporous carbon, carbon nanofibers, diamond powder, graphite, fullerene) and BCC alloy (Ti1.5V0.5) were extensively studied in the non-hydrogenated and hydrogenated state. The structure and microstructure of the obtained materials were studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopes, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Raman spectroscopy. XRD and Raman measurements showed that BCC alloy and carbon structures were in most cases intact after the composite synthesis. The hydrogenation/dehydrogenation studies showed that all of the used carbon catalysts significantly improve the hydrogenation kinetics, reduce the activation energy of the dehydrogenation process and decrease the dehydrogenation temperature (by nearly 100 K). The superior kinetic properties were measured for the composite with 5 wt % of fullerene that absorbs 3.3 wt % of hydrogen within 1 min at room temperature.

Funding source: National Science Centre, Poland (no. 2015/17/N/ST8/00271).
Countries: Poland

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