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Influence of Cs Promoter on Ethanol Steam-Reforming Selectivity of Pt/m-ZrO2 Catalysts at Low Temperature


The decarboxylation pathway in ethanol steam reforming ultimately favors higher selectivity to hydrogen over the decarbonylation mechanism. The addition of an optimized amount of Cs to Pt/m-ZrO2 catalysts increases the basicity and promotes the decarboxylation route, converting ethanol to mainly H2 , CO2 , and CH4 at low temperature with virtually no decarbonylation being detected. This offers the potential to feed the product stream into a conventional methane steam reformer for the production of hydrogen with higher selectivity. DRIFTS and the temperature-programmed reaction of ethanol steam reforming, as well as fixed bed catalyst testing, revealed that the addition of just 2.9% Cs was able to stave off decarbonylation almost completely by attenuating the metallic function. This occurs with a decrease in ethanol conversion of just 16% relative to the undoped catalyst. In comparison with our previous work with Na, this amount is—on an equivalent atomic basis—just 28% of the amount of Na that is required to achieve the same effect. Thus, Cs is a much more efficient promoter than Na in facilitating decarboxylation.

Funding source: Caleb D. Watson would like to acknowledge support from the Undergraduate NSF Research Program, supported by the National Science Foundation through grant award #1832388
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain
Countries: United States

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