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Study of the Permeation Flowrate of an Innovative Way to Store Hydrogen in Vehicles


With the global warming of the planet, new forms of energy are being sought as an alternative to fossil fuels. Currently, hydrogen (H2) is seen as a strong alternative for fueling vehicles. However, the major challenge in the use of H2 arises from its physical properties. An earlier study was conducted on the storage of H2, used as fuel in road vehicles powered by spark ignition engines or stacks of fuel cells stored under high pressure inside small spheres randomly packed in an envelope tank. Additionally, the study evaluated the performance of this new storage system and compared it with other storage systems already applied by automakers in their vehicles. The current study aims to evaluate the H2 leaks from the same storage system, when inserted in any road vehicle parked in conventional garages, and to show the compliance of these leaks with European Standards, provided that an appropriate choice of materials is made. The system’s compliance with safety standards was proved. Regarding the materials of each component of the storage system, the best option from the pool of materials chosen consists of aluminum for the liner of the spheres and the envelope tank, CFEP for the structural layer of the spheres, and Si for the microchip.

Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Portugal

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