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Renewable Hydrogen Production from Butanol Steam Reforming over Nickel Catalysts Promoted by Lanthanides


Hydrogen is mainly produced by steam reforming of natural gas, a non-renewable resource. Alternative and renewable routes for hydrogen production play an important role in reducing dependence on oil and minimizing the emission of greenhouse gases. In this work, butanol, a model compound of bio-oil, was employed for hydrogen production by steam reforming. The reaction was evaluated for 30 h in a tubular quartz reactor at 500 ◦C, atmospheric pressure, GHSV of 500,000 h−1 , and an aqueous solution feed of 10% v/v butanol. For this reaction, catalysts with 20 wt.% NiO were prepared by wet impregnation using three supports: γ-alumina and alumina modified with 10 wt.% of cerium and lanthanum oxides. Both promoters increased the reduction degree of the catalysts and decreased catalyst acidity, which is closely related to coke formation and deactivation. Ni/La2O3– Al2O3 presented a higher nickel dispersion (14.6%) which, combined with other properties, led to a higher stability, higher mean hydrogen yield (71%), and lower coke formation per mass (56%). On the other hand, the nonpromoted catalyst suffered a significant deactivation associated with coke formation favored by its highest acidity (3.1 µmol m−2 ).

Funding source: This research was funded by CNPq, FAPERJ, and CAPES.
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain
Countries: Brazil

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