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Ranking Locations for Hydrogen Production Using Hybrid Wind-Solar: A Case Study


Observing the growing energy demand of modern societies, many countries have recognized energy security as a looming problem and renewable energies as a solution to this issue. Renewable hydrogen production is an excellent method for the storage and transfer of energy generated by intermittent renewable sources such as wind and solar so that they can be used at a place and time of our choosing. In this study, the suitability of 15 cities in Fars province, Iran, for renewable hydrogen production was investigated and compared by the use of multiple multi-criteria decision-making methods including ARAS, SAW, CODAS, and TOPSIS. The obtained rankings were aggregated by rank averaging, Borda method, and Copeland method. Finally, the partially ordered set ranking technique was used to reach a general consensus about the ranking. The criteria that affect hydrogen production were found to be solar energy potential, wind energy potential, population, air temperature, natural disasters, altitude, relative humidity, land cost, skilled labor, infrastructure, topographic condition, and distance from main roads. These criteria were weighted using the best–worst method (BWM) based on the data collected by a questionnaire. Solar energy potential was estimated using the Angstrom model. Wind energy potential was estimated by using the Weibull distribution function for each month independently. The results of the multi-criteria decision-making methods showed Izadkhast to be the most suitable location for renewable hydrogen production in the studied area.

Funding source: This research was supported by grant number-ENV6402012N from the Prince of Songkla University
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain

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