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Medium-Energy Synthesis Gases from Waste as an Energy Source for an Internal Combustion Engine


The aim of the presented article is to analyse the influence of synthesis gas composition on the power, economic, and internal parameters of an atmospheric two-cylinder spark-ignition internal combustion engine (displacement of 686 cm3 ) designed for a micro-cogeneration unit. Synthesis gases produced mainly from waste contain combustible components as their basic material (methane, hydrogen, and carbon monoxide), as well as inert gases (carbon dioxide and nitrogen). A total of twelve synthesis gases were analysed that fall into the category of medium-energy gases with lower heating value in the range from 8 to 12 MJ/kg. All of the resulting parameters from the operation of the combustion engine powered by synthesis gases were compared with the reference fuel methane. The results show a decrease in the performance parameters for all operating loads and an increase in hourly fuel consumption. Specifically, for the operating speed of the micro-cogeneration unit (1500 L/min), the decrease in power parameters was in the range of 7.1–23.5%; however, the increase in hourly fuel consumption was higher by 270% to 420%. The decrease in effective efficiency ranged from 0.4 to 4.6%, which in percentage terms represented a decrease from 1.3% to 14.5%. The process of fuel combustion was most strongly influenced by the proportion of hydrogen and inert gases in the mixture. It can be concluded that setting up the synthesis gas production in the waste gasification process in order to achieve optimum performance and economic parameters of the combustion engine for a micro cogeneration unit has an influential role and is of crucial importance.

Funding source: This work was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under Contracts No. APVV-17-0006, APVV-18-0023, APVV-20-0046, by the Slovak Scientific Grant Agency under the Contract No. VEGA 1/0301/17, and by the Slovak Cultural and Educational Grant Agency under the Contracts No. KEGA 026STU-4/2018, KEGA 041STU-4/2020 and KEGA 050STU-4/2021.
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Slovak Republic

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