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Advanced Sizing Methodology for a Multi-Mode eVTOL UAV Powered by a Hydrogen Fuel Cell and Battery


A critical drawback of battery-powered eVTOL UAVs is their limited range and endurance, and this drawback could be solved by using a combination of hydrogen fuel cells and batteries. The objective of this paper is to develop a sizing methodology for the lift+cruise-type eVTOL UAV powered by a hydrogen fuel cell and battery. This paper presents the constraints analysis method for forward flight/VTOL multi-mode UAV, the regression model for electric propulsion system sizing, a sizing method for an electric propulsion system and hydrogen fuel cell system, and a transition analysis method. The total mass of the UAV is iteratively calculated until convergence, and the optimization method is used to ensure that the sizing results satisfy the design requirements. The sizing results are the UAV’s geometry, mass, and power data. To verify the accuracy of the proposed sizing methodology, the sizing and the conceptual design phase results of a 25 kg hydrogen fuel-cell-powered UAV are compared. All parameters had an error within 10% and satisfied the design requirements.

Funding source: This research was partially supported by The Project of Conversion by the Past R & D Results through the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy (MOTIE) (P0011388, 2019) and also partially supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (No. 2020R1A6A1A03046811, 2020).
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Korea, Republic of

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