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Highly Selective Porous Separator with Thin Skin Layer for Alkaline Water Electrolysis


Advanced porous separators with thin selective skin layers to reduce the hydrogen permeation are developed for applications in alkaline water electrolysis. A thin skin layer based on crosslinked polyvinyl alcohol (cPVA) is fabricated on a porous substrate by a facile and scalable ultrasonic spray coating process. As the number of ultrasonic spraying cycles increases, the resulting separator demonstrates a decrease in the large-diameter pore fraction, an increase in the bubble-point pressure, and a reduction in the hydrogen permeability without a significant increase in the areal resistance. As a result, the optimized separator with a cPVA skin layer combines a low ionic resistance of 0.267 Ω cm2 , a high bubble point pressure of 2.71 bar, and a low hydrogen permeability of 1.12 × 10− 11 mol cm− 2 s − 1 bar− 1 . The electrolytic cell assembled with cPVAZ-30 achieves current densities of 861 mA cm− 2 and 1890 mA cm− 2 at 2.0 V and 2.6 V, respectively, in a 30 wt% KOH electrolyte solution at 80 ◦C.

Funding source: This work was supported by the Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF). Grant was funded by the Korean government (Sub No. 2019M3E6A1064099, and 2020M3H4A3105818).
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain
Countries: Korea, Republic of

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