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A Comparative Study for H2 –CH4 Mixture Wettability in Sandstone Porous Rocks Relevant to Underground Hydrogen Storage


Characterizing the wettability of hydrogen (H2 )–methane (CH4 ) mixtures in subsurface reservoirs is the first step towards understanding containment and transport properties for underground hydrogen storage (UHS). In this study, we investigate the static contact angles of H2 –CH4 mixtures, in contact with brine and Bentheimer sandstone rock using a captive-bubble cell device at different pressures, temperatures and brine salinity values. It is found that, under the studied conditions, H2 and CH4 show comparable wettability behaviour with contact angles ranging between [25◦–45◦ ]; and consequently their mixtures behave similar to the pure gas systems, independent of composition, pressure, temperature and salinity. For the system at rest, the acting buoyancy and surface forces allow for theoretical sensitivity analysis for the captive-bubble cell approach to characterize the wettability. Moreover, it is theoretically validated that under similar Bond numbers and similar bubble sizes, the contact angles of H2 and CH4 bubbles and their mixtures are indeed comparable. Consequently, in large-scale subsurface storage systems where buoyancy and capillary are the main acting forces, H2 , CH4 and their mixtures will have similar wettability characteristics.

Funding source: Hadi Hajibeygi and Maartje Boon were sponsored by Dutch National Science Foundation (NWO) under Vidi Project ‘‘ADMIRE’’ (grant number 17509). We thank ADMIRE user committee for allowing us publish this paper
Countries: Netherlands

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