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Decarbonizing Natural Gas: A Review of Catalytic Decomposition and Carbon Formation Mechanisms


In the context of energy conservation and the reduction of CO2 emissions, inconsistencies between the inevitable emission of CO2 in traditional hydrogen production methods and eco-friendly targets have become more apparent over time. The catalytic decomposition of methane (CDM) is a novel technology capable of producing hydrogen without releasing CO2 . Since hydrogen produced via CDM is neither blue nor green, the term “turquoise” is selected to describe this technology. Notably, the by-products of methane cracking are simply carbon deposits with different structures, which can offset the cost of hydrogen production cost should they be harvested. However, the encapsulation of catalysts by such carbon deposits reduces the contact area between said catalysts and methane throughout the CDM process, thereby rendering the continuous production of hydrogen impossible. This paper mainly covers the CDM reaction mechanisms of the three common metal-based catalysts (Ni, Co, Fe) from experimental and modelling approaches. The by-products of carbon modality and the key parameters that affect the carbon formation mechanisms are also discussed.

Funding source: This research was funded by Singapore Energy Centre, NTUitive (NTUitive is Nanyang Technological University’s innovation and enterprise company). And the APC was funded by the Key R &D Plan Project of Zhejiang Province (2021C01099).
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain
Countries: Singapore

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