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Advanced Catalysts for the Water Gas Shift Reaction


The WGS reaction is an exothermic reaction between carbon monoxide and steam to form carbon dioxide and hydrogen. This reaction, which has been used industrially for more than 100 years, has recently received a great deal of attention from researchers as one of the ways to produce environmentally acceptable hydrogen from fossil fuels in large quantities. For the application of this reaction on an industrial scale, the key is choosing the optimal catalysts that can ensure high CO conversion and have a long lifetime under industrial conditions. Therefore, new types of catalysts are being developed that meet these requirements better than the Fe- and Cu-based catalysts commonly used in the past. The WGSR on a commercial nickel-based catalyst and a laboratory-prepared copper and cobalt-based catalyst was tested in a laboratory apparatus set up at the University of Chemistry and Technology Prague. The best performance of the laboratory-prepared catalyst was observed for the catalyst with a Cu content of 14.8 wt% and activated in a hydrogen atmosphere. The laboratory-prepared Co-based catalyst showed good WGSR activity in the temperature range of 200–450 ◦C, although this was always inferior to that of the Cu-based catalyst. When subjected to the feed gas containing 0.4 mole% H2S, the Co-based catalyst showed good resistance to sulphur poisoning. Therefore, Co-based catalysts can be considered good sulphur-tolerant intermediate temperature WGSR catalysts.

Keywords: Carbon Monoxide ; Catalyst ; WGSR
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain
Countries: Czech Republic

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