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On the Possibility to Simulate the Operation of a SI Engine using Alternative Gaseous Fuels


A thermodynamic combustion model developed in AVL BOOST software was used in order to evaluate the pollutant emissions, performance and efficiency parameters of a spark ignition engine Renault K7M-710 fueled with compressed natural gas, hydrogen and blends of compressed natural gas and hydrogen (hythane). Multiple research studies have concluded that for the near future hythane could be the most promising alternative fuel because it has the advantages of both its components. In our previous work the model was validated for the performance and efficiency parameters by comparison of simulation results with experimental data acquired when the engine was fueled with gasoline. In this work the model was improved and can predict the values of pollutant emissions when the engine is running with the studied alternative fuels. As the percentage of hydrogen in hythane is increased, the power of the engine rises, the brake specific fuel consumption, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and total unburned hydrocarbon emissions decrease while nitrogen oxides increase. The values of peak fire pressure, maximum pressure derivative and peak fire temperature in cycle are higher, leading to an increased probability of knock occurrence. To avoid this phenomenon an optimum correlation between the natural gas-hydrogen blend, the air-fuel ratio, the spark advance and the engine operating condition needs to be found.

Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: France ; Romania

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