Skip to content

Planning, Optimisation and Evaluation of Small Power-to-Gas-to-Power Systems: Case Study of a German Dairy


In the course of the energy transition, distributed, hybrid energy systems, such as the combination of photovoltaic (PV) and battery storages, is increasingly being used for economic and ecological reasons. However, renewable electricity generation is highly volatile, and storage capacity is usually limited. Nowadays, a new storage component is emerging: the power-to-gas-to-power (PtGtP) technology, which is able to store electricity in the form of hydrogen even over longer periods of time. Although this technology is technically well understood and developed, there are hardly any evaluations and feasibility studies of its widespread integration into current distributed energy systems under realistic legal and economic market conditions. In order to be able to give such an assessment, we develop a methodology and model that optimises the sizing and operation of a PtGtP system as part of a hybrid energy system under current German market conditions. The evaluation is based on a multi-criteria approach optimising for both costs and CO2 emissions. For this purpose, a brute-force-based optimal design approach is used to determine optimal system sizes, combined with the energy system simulation tool oemof.solph. In order to gain further insights into this technology and its future prospects, a sensitivity analysis is carried out. The methodology is used to examine the case study of a German dairy and shows that PtGtP is not yet profitable but promising.

Funding source: This research was funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK) and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) of Germany in the project ENaQ (project number 03SBE111).
Countries: Germany

Article metrics loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error