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Combustion Characterization in a Diffusive Gas Turbine Burner for Hydrogen-Compliant Applications


The target of net-zero emissions set by the 2015 Paris Agreement has strongly commissioned the energy production sector to promote decarbonization, renewable sources exploitation, and systems efficiency. In this framework, the utilization of hydrogen as a long-term energy carrier has great potential. This paper is concerned with the combustion characterization in a non-premixed gas turbine burner, originally designed for natural gas, when it is fed with NG-H2 blends featuring hydrogen content from 0 to 50% in volume. The final aim is to retrofit a 40 MW gas turbine. Starting from the operational data of the engine, a CFD model of the steady-state combustion process has been developed, with reference to the base load NG conditions, by reducing the fuel mass-flow rate by up to 17% to target the baseline turbine inlet temperature. When the fuel is blended with hydrogen, for a given temperature at turbine inlet, an increase in the peak temperature up to 800 K is obtained, if no countermeasures are taken. Furthermore, the flame results are more intense and closer to the injector in the case of hydrogen blending. The results of this work hint at the necessity of carefully analyzing the possible NOx compensation strategies, as well as the increased thermal stresses on the injector.

Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Italy

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