Design and Multi-scenario Optimization of a Hybrid Power System Based on a Working Gas Turbine: Energy, Exergy, Exergoeconomic and Environmental Evaluation


The rising demand for electricity, along with the need to minimize carbon footprints, has motivated academics to investigate the flexible and efficient integration of energy conversion technologies. A novel hybrid power generation system based on environmentally friendly and cost-effective technologies to recover the waste heat of a working gas turbine is designed and assessed in different scenarios of multi-objective optimization from energy, exergy, exergoeconomic, and environmental (4E) perspectives. In the proposed system, a steam methane reformer and a water gas shift reactor are utilized for hydrogen production, while a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) and steam/organic Rankine cycles are run for generating additional power. Aspen Plus, in conjunction with Fortran, Microsoft Excel, and MATLAB, is used to model and simulate the designed plant. The response surface methodology (RSM) is utilized to determine accurate surrogate models to describe the evaluation criteria, and the Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II technique is employed to seek the optimal conditions. Moreover, TOPSIS and LINMAP decision-making approaches are used to find the best final solution among Pareto frontiers. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) and sensitivity analysis are also applied to evaluate the importance of the design variables. In this regard, three single-objective optimizations and four multi-objective optimization scenarios based on the maximization of the ecological coefficient of performance (ECOP) and the minimization of CO2 emissions and total system product cost (C˙ p) are carried out. It is demonstrated that the system’s evaluation criteria have the highest and lowest sensitivity to the variation of reformer temperature and ORC pressure, respectively. From the triple-objective optimization procedure, the decision variables including reformer temperature, ORC pressure, Rankine cycle I pressure, and Rankine cycle II pressure are 544 ◦C, 4.35 bar, 158.12 bar, and 52.82 bar, respectively. At these conditions, the total hybrid system’s energy efficiency, exergy efficiency, exergy destruction, net generated power, and total investment cost rate are 45.96%, 46.83%, 215.72 MW, 203.67 MW, and 9791 $/h, respectively. The findings of this paper conclude that it is necessary to address all objective functions simultaneously in the system’s ultimate optimum design. Furthermore, the objective of this paper becomes even more apparent when there is no choice but to cut greenhouse gas emissions while also addressing the rising global energy demand.

Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain

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