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Hydrogen Production from Water Electrolysis: Role of Catalysts


As a promising substitute for fossil fuels, hydrogen has emerged as a clean and renewable energy. A key challenge is the efcient production of hydrogen to meet the commercial-scale demand of hydrogen. Water splitting electrolysis is a promising pathway to achieve the efcient hydrogen production in terms of energy conversion and storage in which catalysis or electrocatalysis plays a critical role. The development of active, stable, and low-cost catalysts or electrocatalysts is an essential prerequisite for achieving the desired electrocatalytic hydrogen production from water splitting for practical use, which constitutes the central focus of this review. It will start with an introduction of the water splitting performance evaluation of various electrocatalysts in terms of activity, stability, and efciency. This will be followed by outlining current knowledge on the two half-cell reactions, hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER), in terms of reaction mechanisms in alkaline and acidic media. Recent advances in the design and preparation of nanostructured noble-metal and non-noble metal-based electrocatalysts will be dis‑ cussed. New strategies and insights in exploring the synergistic structure, morphology, composition, and active sites of the nanostructured electrocatalysts for increasing the electrocatalytic activity and stability in HER and OER will be highlighted. Finally, future challenges and perspectives in the design of active and robust electrocatalysts for HER and OER towards efcient production of hydrogen from water splitting electrolysis will also be outlined.

Funding source: This work was supported by National Science Foundation (CHE 1566283 and IIP 2016275), and in part by IEEC and Binghamton University Harpur College Research Seed Fund.
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain
Countries: United States

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