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The Influence of the First Filling Period Length and Reservoir Level Depth on the Operation of Underground Hydrogen Storage in a Deep Aquifer


Underground storage is a method of storing large amounts of renewable energy that can be converted into hydrogen. One of the fundamental problems associated with this process concerns determining the timing and amount of injected gas in the first filling period for the operation of an underground storage facility. Ascertaining the hydrogen flow rate is essential to ensure that the capillary and fracturing pressures are not exceeded. The value of the flow rate was assessed by modelling the injection of hydrogen into a deep aquifer. The best initial H2 injection period was found to be five months. The volume of the cushion gas and the total storage capacity expanded with the extension of the first filling period length. The working capacity grew as the depth increased, reaching maximum values at depths of approximately 1200e1400 m. This depth was considered optimal for storing hydrogen in the analysed structure.

Funding source: This work was supported by the Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences (research subvention).
Countries: Poland

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