Skip to content

Risks and Opportunities Associated with Decarbonising Rotterdam’s Industrial Cluster


The Port of Rotterdam is an important industrial cluster, comprising mainly oil refining, chemical production and power generation. In 2016, the port’s industry accounted for 19% of the Netherlands’ total CO2 emissions. The Port of Rotterdam Authority is aware that the cluster is heavily exposed to future decarbonisation policies, as most of its activities focus on trading, handling, converting and using fossil fuels. Based on a study for the Port Authority using a mixture of qualitative and quantitative methods, our article explores three pathways whereby the port’s industry can maintain its strong position while significantly reducing its CO2 emissions and related risks by 2050. The pathways differ in terms of the EU’s assumed climate change mitigation ambitions and the key technological choices made by the cluster’s companies. The focus of the paper is on identifying key risks associated with each scenario and ways in which these could be mitigated.

Funding source: The authors acknowledge financial support from the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy within the funding programme ‘Open Access Publishing’.
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Germany

Article metrics loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error