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Effect of H2 on Blast Furnace Ironmaking: A Review


Under the background of “carbon peaking” and “carbon neutralization”, the green transformation of iron and steel enterprises is imminent. The hydrogen-rich smelting technology of blast furnaces is very important for reducing energy consumption and CO2 emission in ironmaking systems, and it is one of the important directions of green and low-carbon development of iron and steel enterprises. In this paper, the research status of the thermal state, reduction mechanism of iron-bearing burden, coke degradation behavior, and formation of the cohesive zone in various areas of blast furnace after hydrogen-rich smelting is summarized, which can make a more clear and comprehensive understanding for the effect of H2 on blast furnace ironmaking. Meanwhile, based on the current research situation, it is proposed that the following aspects should be further studied in the hydrogen-rich smelting of blast furnaces: (1) the utilization rate of hydrogen and degree of substitution for direct reduction, (2) combustion behavior of fuel in raceway, (3) control of gas flow distribution in the blast furnace, (4) operation optimization of the blast furnace.

Funding source: This research was funded by [National Natural Science Foundation of China] grant number [52204344], [Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province] grant number [E2021209046, 22374003D], [Tangshan Science and Technology Planning Project] grant number [21130209C], and [Basic Scientific Research Business Expenses of Hebei Provincial Colleges and Universities] grant number [JQN2021015].
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways

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