Optimal Scheduling of Multi-microgrids with Power to Hydrogen Considering Federated Demand Response


Hydrogen is regarded as a promising fuel in the transition to clean energy. Nevertheless, as the demand for hydrogen increases, some microgrids equipped with P2H (MGH) will encounter the issue of primary energy deficiency. Meanwhile, some microgrids (MGs) face the difficulty of being unable to consume surplus energy locally. Hence, we interconnect MGs with different energy characteristics and then establish a collaborative scheduling model of multi-microgrids (MMGs). In this model, a federated demand response (FDR) program considering predictive mean voting is designed to coordinate controllable loads of electricity, heat, and hydrogen in different MGs. With the coordination of FDR, the users’ satisfaction and comfort in each MG are kept within an acceptable range. To further adapt to an actual working condition of the microturbine (MT) in MGH, a power interaction method is proposed to maintain the operating power of the MT at the optimum load level and shave peak and shorten the operating periods of MT. In the solution process, the sequence operation theory is utilized to deal with the probability density of renewable energy. A series of case studies on a test system of MMG demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Funding source: This work was supported by the Science and Technology Project of State Grid Corporation of China (5108-202218280A-2-0-XG).
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways

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