Thermodynamic Analysis of Solid Oxide Electrolyzer Integration with Engine Waste Heat Recovery for Hydrogen Production


Water electrolysis based on solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) exhibits high conversion efficiency due to part of energy demand can be derived from thermal energy. Therefore, it can be integrated with other sources of thermal energy to reduce the consumption of electrical energy. In this paper, a diesel engine is integrated with the SOEC stacks for heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). The thermal energy from the engine exhaust gas used to heat the inlet H2O of the SOEC is carried out as the integration case. A SOEC plant using electricity as the thermal heat input is selected as the base case. Thermodynamic analysis of the benchmark and integration scheme reveals that an electrical efficiency of 73.12% and 85.17% can be achieved, respectively. The diesel to power efficiency can be increased to 70% when the exhaust gas is completely utilized by the SOEC system. The impacts of some key parameters, including current density and operating temperature on system performance have also been conducted and found that the system has optimized parameters of current density and operating temperature to achieve better performance.

Funding source: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51706112), the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province of China (Grant No. LY20E060001), the foundation of National Key Laboratory of China (6142808200203), National Key Research and Development Project of China (2018YFB1502204) and the K. C. Wong Magna Fund in Ningbo University.
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain

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