Skip to content

Prioritization and Optimal Location of Hydrogen Fueling Stations in Seoul: Using Multi-Standard Decision-Making and ILP Optimization


Thus far, the adoption of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HCEVs) has been hampered by the lack of hydrogen fueling infrastructure. This study aimed to determine the optimal location and prioritization of hydrogen fueling stations (HFSs) in Seoul by utilizing a multi-standard decision making approach and optimization method. HFS candidate sites were evaluated with respect to relevant laws and regulations. Key factors such as safety, economy, convenience, and demand for HCEVs were considered. Data were obtained through a survey of experts in the fields of HCEV and fuel cells, and the Analytic Hierarchy Process method was applied to prioritize candidate sites. The optimal quantity and placement of HFSs was then obtained using optimization software, based on the acceptable travel time from intersections of popular roads in Seoul. Our findings suggest that compliance with legal safety regulations is the most important factor when constructing HFSs. Furthermore, sensitivity analysis revealed that the hydrogen supply cost currently holds the same weight as other elements. The study highlights the importance of utilizing a multi-standard decision-making approach and optimization methods when determining the optimal location and prioritization of HFSs and can help develop a systematic plan for the nationwide construction of HFSs in South Korea.

Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Korea, Republic of

Article metrics loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error