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Self-Sustaining Control Strategy for Proton-Exchange Membrane Electrolysis Devices Based on Gradient-Disturbance Observation Method


This paper proposes a self-sustaining control model for proton-exchange membrane (PEM) electrolysis devices, aiming to maintain the temperature of their internal operating environment and, thus, improve the electrolysis efficiency and hydrogen production rate. Based on the analysis of energy–substance balance and electrochemical reaction characteristics, an electrothermal-coupling dynamic model for PEM electrolysis devices was constructed. Considering the influence of the input energy–substance and the output hydrogen and oxygen of PEM electrolysis devices on the whole dynamic equilibrium process, the required electrical energy and water molar flow rate are dynamically adjusted so that the temperature of the cathode and the anode is maintained near 338.15 K. The analytical results show that the hydrogen production rate and electrolysis efficiency are increased by 0.275 mol/min and 3.9%, respectively, by linearly stacking 100 PEM electrolysis devices to form a hydrogen production system with constant cathode and anode operating temperatures around 338.15 K in the self-sustaining controlled mode

Funding source: This research was funded by the Key R & D Projects of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, grant number 2022B01016 and the Natural Science Foundation of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, grant number 2022D01C364.
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain

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