Skip to content

Derivation and Validation of a Reference Data-based Real Gas Model for Hydrogen


Hydrogen plays an important role for the decarbonization of the energy sector. In its gaseous form, it is stored at pressures of up to 1000 bar at which real gas effects become relevant. To capture these effects in numerical simulations, accurate real gas models are required. In this work, new correlation equations for relevant hydrogen properties are developed based on the Reference Fluid Thermodynamic and Transport Properties Database (REFPROP). Within the regarded temperature (150e400 K) and pressure (0.1e1000 bar) range, this approach yields a substantially improved accuracy compared to other databased correlations. Furthermore, the developed equations are validated in a numerical simulation of a critical flow Venturi nozzle. The results are in much better accordance with experimental data compared to a cubic equation of state model. In addition, the simulation is even slightly faster.

Funding source: This work was supported through the Joint Research Project “Metrology infrastructure for high-pressure gas and liquified hydrogen flows”. This project (20IND11 MetHyInfra) has received funding from the EMPIR programme co-financed by the Participating States and from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.
Countries: Czech Republic ; Germany

Article metrics loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error