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Development and Testing of a 100 kW Fuel-flexible Micro Gas Turbine Running on 100% Hydrogen


Hydrogen, as a carbon-free energy carrier, has emerged as a crucial component in the decarbonization of the energy system, serving as both an energy storage option and fuel for dispatchable power generation to mitigate the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources. However, the unique physical and combustion characteristics of hydrogen, which differ from conventional gaseous fuels such as biogas and natural gas, present new challenges that must be addressed. To fully integrate hydrogen as an energy carrier in the energy system, the development of low-emission and highly reliable technologies capable of handling hydrogen combustion is imperative. This study presents a ground-breaking achievement - the first successful test of a micro gas turbine running on 100% hydrogen with NOx emissions below the standard limits. Furthermore, the combustor of the micro gas turbine demonstrates exceptional fuel flexibility, allowing for the use of various blends of hydrogen, biogas, and natural gas, covering a wide range of heating values. In addition to a comprehensive presentation of the test rig and its instrumentation, this paper illuminates the challenges of hydrogen combustion and offers real-world operational data from engine operation with 100% hydrogen and its blends with methane.

Funding source: This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 861079 (“Next MGT”).
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Germany ; Norway

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