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Assessing Sizing Optimality of OFF-GRID AC-Linked Solar PV-PEM Systems for Hydrogen Production


Herein, a novel methodology to perform optimal sizing of AC-linked solar PV-PEM systems is proposed. The novelty of this work is the proposition of the solar plant to electrolyzer capacity ratio (AC/AC ratio) as optimization variable. The impact of this AC/AC ratio on the Levelized Cost of Hydrogen (LCOH) and the deviation of the solar DC/AC ratio when optimized specifically for hydrogen production are quantified. Case studies covering a Global Horizontal Irradiation (GHI) range of 1400e2600 kWh/m2 -year are assessed. The obtained LCOHs range between 5.9 and 11.3 USD/kgH2 depending on sizing and location. The AC/AC ratio is found to strongly affect cost, production and LCOH optimality while the optimal solar DC/AC ratio varies up to 54% when optimized to minimize the cost of hydrogen instead of the cost of energy only. Larger oversizing is required for low GHI locations; however, H2 production is more sensitive to sizing ratios for high GHI locations.

Funding source: This work is part of the project “Circular Techno-Economic Analysis of Energy Storage & IEA co-coordination” funded by the Swedish Energy Agency “Energimyndigheten”.
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain
Countries: Italy ; Sweden

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