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Assessing Opportunities and Weaknesses of Green Hydrogen Transport via LOHC through a Detailed Techno-economic Analysis


In the transition towards a more sustainable energy system, hydrogen is seen as the key low-emission energy source. However, the limited H2 volumetric density hinders its transportation. To overcome this issue, liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs), molecules that can be hydrogenated and, upon arrival, dehydrogenated for H2 release, have been proposed as hydrogen transport media. Considering toluene and dibenzyltoluene as representative carriers, this work offers a systematic methodology for the analysis and the comparison of LOHCs, in view of identifying cost-drivers of the overall value-chain. A detailed Aspen Plus process simulation is provided for hydrogenation and dehydrogenation sections. Simulation results are used as input data for the economic assessment. The process economics reveals that dehydrogenation is the most impactful cost-item, together with the carrier initial loading, the latter related to the LOHC transport distance. The choice of the most suitable molecule as H2 carrier, ultimately, is a trade-off between its hydrogenation enthalpy and cost.

Countries: Italy

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