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Carbon-negative Hydrogen Production (HyBECCS): An Exemplary Techno-economic and Environmental Assessment


An exemplary techno-economic and environmental assessment of carbon-negative hydrogen (H2) production is carried out in this work. It is based on the so-called “dark photosynthesis” with carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and geological storage. As a special feature of the assessment, the economic consequences due to the impact on the global climate are taken into account. The results indicate that the example project would be capable of generating negative GHG emissions under the assumptions made. The amount is estimated to be 17.72 kgCO2 to be removed from the atmosphere per kilogram of H2 produced. The levelized costs of carbon-negative hydrogen are obtained, considering the economic impact of greenhouse gas emissions and removals. They are estimated to be 0.013 EUR/kWhH2. Compared to grey hydrogen from natural gas (0.12 EUR/kWhH2) and green hydrogen from electrolysis using renewable electricity (0.18 EUR/kWhH2), this shows a potential environmental-economic advantage of the considered example. Even without internalization of GHG impacts, an economic advantage of the project (0.12 EUR/kWhH2) over green hydrogen (0.17 EUR/kWhH2) is indicated. Compared to other NETs, the GHG removal efficiency is at the lower end of both BECCS and DACCS approaches.

Funding source: The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, the Ministry of the Environment, Climate Protection and the Energy Sector Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research.
Related subjects: Production & Supply Chain
Countries: Germany

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