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Eco-Sustainable Energy Production in Healthcare: Trends and Challenges in Renewable Energy Systems


The shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy systems represents a pivotal step toward the realization of a sustainable society. This study aims to analyze representative scientific literature on eco-sustainable energy production in the healthcare sector, particularly in hospitals. Given hospitals’ substantial electricity consumption, the adoption of renewable energy offers a reliable, low-CO2 emission solution. The COVID-19 pandemic has underscored the urgency for energyefficient and environmentally-responsible approaches. This brief review analyzes the development of experimental, simulation, and optimization projects for sustainable energy production in healthcare facilities. The analysis reveals trends and challenges in renewable energy systems, offering valuable insights into the potential of eco-sustainable solutions in the healthcare sector. The findings indicate that hydrogen storage systems are consistently coupled with photovoltaic panels or solar collectors, but only 14% of the analyzed studies explore this potential within hospital settings. Hybrid renewable energy systems (HRES) could be used to meet the energy demands of healthcare centers and hospitals. However, the integration of HRES in hospitals and medical buildings is understudied.

Funding source: This research was founded by Department of Engineering for Innovation at the University of Salento, with resources provided by Italian Ministry of University and Research, Art. 238, paragraph 5 of Decree-Law No. 34 of 19 May 2020 (converted with amendments by Law No. 77 of 17 July 2020).
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Italy

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