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Numerical Simulation of the Transport and the Thermodynamic Properties of Imported Natural Gas Inected with Hydrogen in the Manifold


Blending hydrogen with natural gas (NG) is an efficient method for transporting hydrogen on a large scale at a low cost. The manifold at the NG initial station is an important piece of equipment that enables the blending of hydrogen with NG. However, there are differences in the components and component contents of imported NG from different countries. The components of hydrogen-blended NG can affect the safety and efficiency of transportation through pipeline systems. Therefore, numerical simulations were performed to investigate the blending process and changes in the thermodynamic properties of four imported NGs and hydrogen in the manifold. The higher the heavy hydrocarbon content in the imported NG, the longer the distance required for the gas to mix uniformly with hydrogen in the pipeline. Hydrogen blending reduces the temperature and density of NG. The gas composition is the main factor affecting the molar calorific value of a gas mixture, and hydrogen blending reduces the molar calorific value of NG. The larger the content of high-molar calorific components in the imported NG, the higher the molar calorific value of the gas after hydrogen blending. Increasing both the temperature and hydrogen mixing ratio reduces the Joule-Thomson coefficient of the hydrogen-blended NG. The results of this study provide technical references for the transport of hydrogen-blended NG.

Funding source: This work was supported by the Science and Technology Research Project of Pipechina (No. WZXGL202104) and Beijing Outstanding Young Scientists Program (BJJWZYJH01201910006021).
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways

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