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Influence of Capillary Threshold Pressure and Injection Well Location on the Dynamic CO2 and H2 Storage Capacity for the Deep Geological Structure


The subject of this study is the analysis of influence of capillary threshold pressure and injection well location on the dynamic CO2 and H2 storage capacity for the Lower Jurassic reservoir of the Sierpc structure from central Poland. The results of injection modeling allowed us to compare the amount of CO2 and H2 that the considered structure can store safely over a given time interval. The modeling was performed using a single well for 30 different locations, considering that the minimum capillary pressure of the cap rock and the fracturing pressure should not be exceeded for each gas separately. Other values of capillary threshold pressure for CO2 and H2 significantly affect the amount of a given gas that can be injected into the reservoir. The structure under consideration can store approximately 1 Mt CO2 in 31 years, while in the case of H2 it is slightly above 4000 tons. The determined CO2 storage capacity is limited; the structure seems to be more prospective for underground H2 storage. The CO2 and H2 dynamic storage capacity maps are an important element of the analysis of the use of gas storage structures. A much higher fingering effect was observed for H2 than for CO2, which may affect the withdrawal of hydrogen. It is recommended to determine the optimum storage depth, particularly for hydrogen. The presented results, important for the assessment of the capacity of geological structures, also relate to the safety of use of CO2 and H2 underground storage space.

Funding source: "This work was supported by the Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences (research subvention). The authors participate in EU project Histories - Hydrogen Storage In European Subsurface. This project has received funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking under grant agreement No. 101007176. This Joint Undertaking receives support from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and Hydrogen Europe and Hydrogen Europe Research."
Countries: Poland

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