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Chemical Kinetic Analysis of High-Pressure Hydrogen Ignition and Combustion toward Green Aviation


In the framework of the “Multidisciplinary Optimization and Regulations for Low-boom and Environmentally Sustainable Supersonic aviation” project, pursued by a consortium of European government and academic institutions, coordinated by Politecnico di Torino under the European Commission Horizon 2020 financial support, the Italian Aerospace Research Centre is computationally investigating the high-pressure hydrogen/air kinetic combustion in the operative conditions typically encountered in supersonic aeronautic ramjet engines. This task is being carried out starting from the zero-dimensional and one-dimensional chemical kinetic assessment of the complex and strongly pressure-sensitive ignition behavior and flame propagation characteristics of hydrogen combustion through the validation against experimental shock tube and laminar flame speed measurements. The 0D results indicate that the kinetic mechanism by Politecnico di Milano and the scheme formulated by Kéromnès et al. provide the best matching with the experimental ignition delay time measurements carried out in high-pressure shock tube strongly argon-diluted reaction conditions. Otherwise, the best behavior in terms of laminar flame propagation is achieved by the Mueller scheme, while the other investigated kinetic mechanisms fail to predict the flame speeds at elevated pressures. This confirms the non-linear and intensive pressure-sensitive behavior of hydrogen combustion especially in the critical high-pressure and low-temperature region which is hard to be described by a single all-encompassing chemical model.

Funding source: This work has been carried out within the frame of “MDO and Regulations for Low boom and Environmentally Sustainable Supersonic aviation” (MORE&LESS) project. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No. 101006856.
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways
Countries: Italy

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