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Research on the Sealing Mechanism of Split-Liner High-Pressure Hydrogen Storage Cylinders


Hydrogen storage is a crucial factor that limits the development of hydrogen energy. This paper proposes using a split liner for the inner structure of a hydrogen storage cylinder. A self-tightening seal is employed to address the sealing problem between the head and the barrel. The feasibility of this structure is demonstrated through hydraulic pressure experiments. The influence laws of the O-ring compression rate, the distance from the straight edge section of the head to the sealing groove, and the thickness of the head on the sealing performance of gas cylinders in this sealing structure are revealed using finite elements analysis. The results show that when the gas cylinder is subjected to medium internal pressure, the maximum contact stress on the O-ring extrusion deformation sealing surface is greater than the medium pressure. There is sufficient contact width, that is, the arc length of the part where the stress on the O-ring contact surface is greater than the medium pressure, so that it can form a good sealing condition. At the same time, increasing the compression ratio of the O-ring and the head’s thickness will help improve the sealing performance, and reducing the distance from the straight edge section of the head to the sealing groove will also improve the sealing performance.

Funding source: This research was funded by National Major Scientific Research Instrument Development Program of China (No. 12027901).

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