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Effects of Fuel Cell Size and Dynamic Limitations on the Durability and Efficiency of Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicles under Driving Conditions


In order to enhance the durability of fuel cell systems in fuel cell hybrid electric vehicles (FCHEVs), researchers have been dedicated to studying the degradation monitoring models of fuel cells under driving conditions. To predict the actual degradation factors and lifespan of fuel cell systems, a semi-empirical and semi-physical degradation model suitable for automotive was proposed and developed. This degradation model is based on reference degradation rates obtained from experiments under known conditions, which are then adjusted using coefficients based on the electrochemical model. By integrating the degradation model into the vehicle simulation model of FCHEVs, the impact of different fuel cell sizes and dynamic limitations on the efficiency and durability of FCHEVs was analyzed. The results indicate that increasing the fuel cell stack power improves durability while reducing hydrogen consumption, but this effect plateaus after a certain point. Increasing the dynamic limitations of the fuel cell leads to higher hydrogen consumption but also improves durability. When considering only the rated power of the fuel cell, a comparison between 160 kW and 100 kW resulted in a 6% reduction in hydrogen consumption and a 10% increase in durability. However, when considering dynamic limitation factors, comparing the maximum and minimum limitations of a 160 kW fuel cell, hydrogen consumption increased by 10%, while durability increased by 83%.

Funding source: This research was funded by the National Key R&D Program of China [grant number 2022YFB4004401], the Key Research and Development Program of Shandong Province [grant number 2020CXGC010406], Asset & Laboratory Management Department of Shandong University China [grant number sy20232305], and the Undergraduate School of Shandong University, China [grant number 2022Y155].
Related subjects: Applications & Pathways

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