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Hydrogen Subsonic Upward Release and Dispersion Experiments in Closed Cylindrical Vessel

Abstract

Report presents the preliminary experimental results on hydrogen subsonic leakage in a closed vessel under the well-controlled boundary/initial conditions. Formation of hydrogen-air gas mixture cloud was studied for a transient (10 min), upward hydrogen leakage, which was followed by subsequent evolution (15 min) of explosive cloud. Low-intensity ( 0.46⋅10−3 m3/sec) hydrogen release was performed via circular (diameter 0.014 m) orifice located in the bottom part of a horizontal cylindrical vessel ( ≈4 m3). A spatially distributed net of the 24 hydrogen sensors and 24 temperature sensors was used to permanently track the time dependence of the hydrogen concentration and temperature fields in vessel. Analysis of the simultaneous experimental records for the different spatial points permits to delineate the basic flow patterns and stages of hydrogen subsonic release in closed vessel in contrast to hydrogen jet release in open environment. The quantitative data were obtained for the averaged speeds of explosive cloud envelop (50% fraction of the Lower Flammability Limit (LFL)) propagation in the vertical and horizontal directions. The obtained data will be used as an experimental basis for development of the guidelines for an indoors allocation of the hydrogen sensors. Data can be also used as a new benchmark case for the reactive Computational Fluid Dynamics codes validation.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: Russian Federation
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2007-09-19
2021-10-21
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/conference305
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Hydrogen Subsonic Upward Release and Dispersion Experiments in Closed Cylindrical Vessel

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