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Hydrogen Related Risks Within a Private Garage: Concentration Measurements in a Realistic Full Scale Experimental Facility


Next generation of hydrogen energy based vehicles is expected to come into widespread use in the near future. Various topics related to hydrogen including, production, storage, and application of hydrogen as an energy carrier, have become subjects of discussion in the framework of various European and International projects. Safety information is vital to support the successful introduction into mainstream and public acceptance of hydrogen as an energy carrier. One of such issues, which is seeking major attention is related to hydrogen powered vehicles parked inside a confined area (such as in a private garage). It is of utmost importance to predict, if uncontrolled release of hydrogen from a vehicle parked inside a confined area can create an explosive atmosphere. Subsequently, how the preventive measures can be implied to control these explosive atmospheres, if present inside a confined area? There is a little guidance currently developed for confined areas accommodating hydrogen fuelled vehicles. It is essential that mitigation measures for such conditions become established.
Characterization of different scenarios those may arise in a real situation from hydrogen fuelled vehicle parked inside a garage and furthermore, the investigation of an optimal ventilation rate for hydrogen risk mitigation are some of the main objectives described in the framework of the present study. This work is an effort to provide detail experimental information’s in view of establishing guidelines for hydrogen powered vehicles parked inside a private garage. The present work is developed in the framework of a European Network of Excellence HySafe and French project DRIVE. Present paper describes a purpose built realistic Garage test facility at CEA to study the dispersion of hydrogen leakage. The studied test cases evaluate the influence of injected volumes of hydrogen and the initial conditions at the leakage source on the dispersion and mixing characteristics inside the free volume of the unventilated garage. The mixing process and build-up of hydrogen concentration is measured for the duration of 24 hours. Due to safety reasons, helium gas is used to simulate the hydrogen dispersion characteristics.

Related subjects: Safety
Countries: France

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