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Hydrogen Sensing Properties of UV Enhanced Pd-SnO2 Nano-Spherical Composites at Low Temperature


Metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) is promising in developing hydrogen detectors. However, typical MOS materials usually work between 200-500°C, which not only restricts their application in flammable and explosive gases detection but also weakens sensor stability and causes high power consumption. This paper studies the sensing properties of UV enhanced Pd-SnO2 nano-spherical composites at 80-360 ℃. In the experiment, Pd of different molar ratios (0.5, 2.5, 5.0, 10.0) was doped into uniform spherical SnO2 nanoparticles by a hydrothermal synthesis method. A xenon lamp with a filter was used as the ultraviolet excitation light source to examine the response of the spherical Pd- SnO2 nanocomposite to 50-1000 ppm H2 gas. The influence of different intensities of ultraviolet light on the gas-sensing properties of composite materials compared with dark condition was analyzed. The experiments show that the conductivity of the composites can be greatly stabilized and the thermal excitation temperature can be reduced to 180 ℃ under the effect of UV enhancement. A rapid response (4.4/ 17.4 s) to 200 ppm of H2 at 330 °C can be achieved by the Pd-SnO2 nanocomposites with UV assistance. The mechanism may be attributed to light motivated electron-hole pairs due to built-in electric fields under UV light illumination, which can be captured by target gases and lead to UV controlled gas sensing performance. Catalytic active sites of hydrogen are provided on the surface of the mixed material by Pd. The results in this study can be helpful in reducing the response temperature of MOS materials and improving the performance of hydrogen detectors."

Funding source: This study was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. WK2320000048).
Related subjects: Safety

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