1900

Experimental Characterization and Modelling of Helium Dispersion in a ¼ - Scale Two-Car Residential Garage

Abstract

A series of experiments are described in which helium was released at a constant rate into a 1.5 m × 1.5 m × 0.75 m enclosure designed as a ¼-scale model of a two car garage. The purpose was to provide reference data sets for testing and validating computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models and to experimentally characterize the effects of a number of variables on the mixing behaviour within an enclosure and the exchange of helium with the surroundings. Helium was used as a surrogate for hydrogen, and the total volume released was scaled as the amount that would be released by a typical hydrogen fuelled automobile with a full tank. Temporal profiles of helium were measured at seven vertical locations within the enclosure during and following one hour and four hour releases. Idealized vents in one wall sized to provide air exchange rates typical of actual garages were used. The effects of vent size, number, and location were investigated using three different vent combinations. The dependence on leak location was considered by releasing helium from three different points within the enclosure. It is shown that the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) CFD code Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) provides time resolved predictions for helium concentrations that agree well with the experimental measurements.

Related subjects: Safety
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/conference358
2009-09-17
2021-12-02
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/conference358
Loading

Supplements

Experimental Characterization and Modelling of Helium Dispersion in a ¼ - Scale Two-Car Residential Garage

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error